Paneer Do Pyaza is a gravy-based Indo-Pakistani Mughlai recipes that use plenty of onions to add both body and flavor, with the onions cooked in two different ways and incorporated into the recipe at different times. Paneer dopiaza is a dish, half the onions are blended into a paste, with aromatic spices, garlic, ginger, and a mild souring agent like tomato or yoghurt (or powdered unripe mango) or lemon/lime in Hyderabadi Cuisine), and briefly cooked with a little oil until fragrant, before the main ingredient is added and the mixture cooked down further to form a thick gravy. The remaining onions are sliced and deep-fried until browned and crisp to serve as a topping, which is added to the dish just before serving.
100 gms Paneer (cottage cheese)
1 Green Chili, de-seeded and chopped
1 tspKasuri Methi (dried fenugreek leaves)
1 large Tomato
1 tsp ginger garlic paste
1/2 teaspoon Cumin Seeds
1 Green Cardamom
1 small piece of Bay Leaf
½ tsp Turmeric Powder
1/2 tsp Red Chili Powder
1 tsp Coriander Powder
1/2 tsp Garam Masala Powder
1 tbsp. Oil
1 tbsp. Coriander Leaves, finely chopped
Salt to taste
1/2 cup Water
1) Cut paneer into 1-inch cubes. Finely chop tomatoes into puree.
2) Finely chop 1 onion. Cut remaining onion into 4 equal parts and separate its layers. Heat 1 tablespoon oil in a non-stick pan and sauté onion layers until light brown. Transfer them to a plate.
3) Heat ½ tsp oil in the same pan. Add cumin seeds, green cardamom and bay leaf, when they begin to sizzle, add chopped onion and sauté until light brown.
4) Add grated ginger garlic paste and green chili; sauté for a minute.
5) Add crushed tomato puree and sauté until oil starts to separate.
6) Add kasurimethi, red chili powder, turmeric powder, coriander powder, garam masala powder, sugar and salt; mix well and cook for 1 minute.
7) Add paneer cubes, shallow fried onions, 1/2 cup water and cook for 3-4 minutes.
8) Transfer prepared sabzi to serving bowl. Garnish paneer do pyaza with fresh coriander leaves and serve hot.
As parents of growing kids we all are constantly worried about the health and well- being of our toddlers or growing kids till they listen to us and we can still influence their food choices. But the current facts and figures from WHO are worrisome and reflect that we are not able to do a good job at that, with alarming increases in Overweight and obese children.
Asia houses 50 % of the world’s obese children & 75 % if we take Africa into account. WHO Reported 41 million obese children under the age of 5 years Kids above 5 years of age and obese would be similarly alarming.
Possible that our kids could be among the counted nos and contributing to the above statistics.
1.Side effect of globalization and urbanization & children are increasingly being raised in obese genic environments, where fatty foods are the most affordable option or are the only choice for some segments of the society.
2.Urbanization has led to lower or no physical activity for kids growing up today.
3.Some cultures promote overweight child as one that is healthy and is well off. Plump children are not frowned upon and some people even view chubbiness in young children as a sign of good health.
1.Type-2 diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the way child’s body uses sugar (glucose). Obesity and a sedentary lifestyle increase the risk of type 2 diabetes. Medical practitioners say that we are seeing younger people getting ischaemic heart disease.
2.Children can develop high blood pressure or high cholesterol due to poor food habits.
3.Children who are overweight or obese may be more likely to have asthma.
4.Symptoms of fatty liver (non- alcoholic) have also been found in obese kids.
5.Children often tease or bully their overweight peers, resulting in loss of self-esteem and can result in depression.
1.First, the family needs to acknowledge this a serious problem and needs immediate attention now. Consult a Medical practitioner and a Dietitian on making the right food choices and advise.
2.Obesity is partly genetic and partly created by the environment we live in. Family members have to change/modify their lifestyles and eating habits together as the kids look upon parents and other family members as role models.
3.Engage in physical activity. Parents to participate too in physical activity together.
4.Be aware of the contents of the food that we serve. Good to know what we consume.
5.Reduce snacking of cakes, cookies and sweetened drinks, chips, fried food, burgers etc. As parents let’s show the way by reducing intake of the above.
6.Introduce healthy snack options to the children such as fresh fruits and vegetables with healthy dips(like apple slices, cucumber, carrots, celery sticks with yogurt- mint dip/ guacamole/ fresh salsa).
7.Ensure that fruits and vegetables are part of the daily diet.
8.Nuts are a good source of nutrients and keep us full for a long time.
9.Don’t overfull the plate for children. Ensure only the right portion of the food is served on the plate.
10.Drink adequate glasses of water.
11.Reduce salt intake
This is not to say that we should deprive our kids of our junk food and sweet cravings.
Single scoop of ice cream, one small packet of potato chips, one mid-size serving of Fast food etc. once or twice a week.
It is our responsibility as parents to educate our kids on good food habits and maintain healthy weight and also be role models by following the same.
Meenu Agarwal, Dietitian advises parents on kids weight loss and obesity reduction programs.
Growing up in a traditional Indian setup, I am aware of how obsessed we are about healthy-looking babies. But there’s a fine line of difference between ‘healthy’ and ‘healthy-looking’, especially from an Indian perspective. For the longest time most people have associated excessive weight with good health. And as a result, the contents of the diets of children and teens go unchecked.
Sadly, the lack of informed care has led to a tremendous rise in the number of overweight and obese children, especially in developed countries with urban cities seeing a more pronounced manifestation of the problem.
Why should you be concerned?
The consequent problem that stems out of this situation is that overweight and obese children are likely to stay obese into adulthood and are at a greater risk of developing diseases like diabetes and cardiovascular diseases at a younger age. Fat cells, especially those stored around the waist, secrete hormones and other substances that fire inappropriate inflammation that in turn interrupts the metabolic process in the body, leading to higher blood sugar levels and, eventually, to diabetes and its many complications.
Excessive weight is also directly linked to does blood pressure, low-density lipoprotein (bad) cholesterol, triglycerides, blood sugar, and inflammation, thus upping the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Fat deposits on the body also have negative impact on respiratory functions, leading to Asthma and obstructive sleep apnea. Osteoarthritis is also a possible outcome of obesity as excess weight places mechanical and metabolic strains on bones, muscles, and joints.
How to find out if a kid is overweight or obese?
Overweight and obesity is defined as abnormally excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to health.The most commonly used measure for overweight and obesity is the Body Mass Index (BMI) —calculated by dividing the weight in kilograms by the square of the height in meters (kg/m2). This is a rough estimate of whether someone is overweight or obese.
Causes of obesity and excessive weight in children
Although child obesity could be hereditary, this one cause is easily reversible. The current crop of causes that have resulted in a mass infestation of the issue goes beyond genes. Unhealthy dietary patterns, with an alarming increase in junk food consumption, physical inactivity and a sedentary lifestyle in general, use of drugs and medication, and stress. Irresponsible media propagation of packaged food high in sugar and sodium and containing preservatives and trans fat and a general view of “tasty food” being different from “healthy food” has a marked influence on the diets of children.
Obesity is preventable and reversible
The bright side is that overweight and obesity, as well as their related diseases, are largely preventable. Here are some simple changes in your day-to-day lifestyle that could keep obesity at bay:
Encourage healthy eating habits. Educate children on the benefits of healthy food early on.
Include plenty of vegetables, fruits and whole-grain products
Substitute whole fat milk or dairy products low-fat or non-fat ones
Choose lean meats, poultry, fish, lentils and beans as the source of protein, and as such, keep the meals protein-heavy, reducing intake of carbohydrates and fats
Serve medium size portions, and especially keep the last meal of the day light
Check consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, high-sodium packaged food and saturated and trans fat
Inculcate the habit of associating health with taste. Find healthier ways to cook their favorite foods. For example:
Pizza can be made healthy at home by adding lots of vegetables to the topping and using fresh cheeses instead of store-bought sauces
Replace French Fries with baked potatoes
Use healthy cooking oils
Use fruits and vegetables of different colors to make food look more palatable
Use whole-grain bread to make sandwiches and wraps
Whenever possible, include the kids in the process of making their food so as to make healthy eating more fun
While occasional treats of store-bought food in moderation is acceptable, it should not become a habit. Regular snacks need to be low-fat and low-sugar and as far as possible, natural. Some examples of easy-to-prepare snacks that are 100 calories or less are:
A medium-size apple
A medium-size banana
1 cup blueberries
1 cup grapes
1 cup carrots, broccoli, or bell peppers with 2 tbsp. hummus
Assortment of boiled and lightly sautéed pulses
Salad made of sprouts
No matter how busy their schedule, moderate-intensity physical exercise of at least 60 minutes most days of the week, and every day if possible, either in form of sports, dance, aerobics or other activities should be a part of their daily lives. Exercising regularly has the following benefits:
Maintains normal blood pressure
Reduces stress and anxiety
Helps increase self-esteem
Produces chemicals called endorphins in the body that give a sense of happiness
Helps kids stay active and alert both physically and mentally
And of course, helps with weight management
A scheduled time spent in exercising also reduces sedentary ‘screen time’ (TV, video games, Internet) that seems to be a huge problem of the generation.
Starting a new habit can be difficult but you could lead the way for your children. Add physical activity to your own daily routine and encourage your child to join you. Here are some types of physical activities to start with:
Playing soccer or any other sport involving a lot of physical movement
Health is a habit and the habits learned in childhood are the ones that last the longest. So make sure your child takes the correct route early on in life so as to ensure a better future, just like everything else.
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